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Native or Introduced to Illinois: native
Natural Habit in Illinois: moist woods
Leaf: The leaves are needles 3 to 5 inches long, bluish green on the upper surface, whitish beneath and occurring in bundles of five. The needles remain on the tree for two years.
Cone: The cone is slender, gradually tapering, 3 to 6 inches long with the ends of the cone scales prominently light tan to whitish and smooth. Cones are fully grown in the summer of the second season, opening to discharge seed that autumn.
Twig/Bark: On small branches and twigs, the bark is smooth. On older branches and the trunk, it breaks into broad, flat topped ridges and is dark gray.
Size/Form/Shape: The white pine is a large, straight-stemmed tree with a pyramidal crown. It grows 50 to 100 feet tall. It usually grows where there are limestone outcroppings and porous soils with good internal drainage.
Christmas tree and ornamental: White pine is used occasionally in Christmas tree plantations and as ornamental planting in landscaping around homes and office buildings. It can also be sheared as a hedge.
Wildlife: It has fair wildlife value. Gray and red squirrels, deer, mice and 16 species of songbirds have been known to eat the seed.
Erosion control: White pine is frequently used for windbreaks and screens along fields new right-of-ways and around campsites.
County Distribution Map for Illinois:
Sources for the Sullivan Middle School Tree Identification Guide were obtained though the use of the following sites:
- Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) @ http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/delaware/ilpin/ilpin.html#Background
- List of Woody Plants Native or Naturalized in Illinois @ http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/~kenr/woody.html
- Tree Species @ http://ostermiller.org/tree/species.html
- Index to Eastern/Central Trees @ http://www.arborday.org/trees/ECtreelist.html
- ISU Forestry Extension Identification of Common Trees of Iowa @ http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Pages/tree/
- Key to Leaves of Virginia Trees @ http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/forsite/key/intro.htm
- List of Native Trees for Use Along Roadsides in Illinois @ http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/~kenr/treetable.html
- The PLANTS Database @ http://plants.usda.gov/
The information below is from the National Arbor Day Foundation. This information can be viewed in the original (source) form by visiting The National Arbor Day Foundation at http://www.arborday.org.
Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Soil Type: fertile, moist, well-drained soils
Growth Rate: fast
Hardiness Zones: 3 - 8
The White Pine can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of the zones shown in color in this arborday.org hardiness zone map.